Structuring written work. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary

Structuring written work. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary

Some assignments have a format that is standard such as for instance lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For other assignments, you will need to show up with your personal structure.

Your structure might be guided by:

  • the assignment question. As an example, it may list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • the niche matter itself, which may suggest a structure based on chronology, process or location, for instance
  • your interpretation regarding the subject material. For instance, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics so as worth focusing on
  • the dwelling of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Have a look at how the info is organised and sequenced. Make certain you modify the structure to suit your purpose in order to prevent plagiarism.

Essays are a very common as a type of academic writing. Like the majority of for the texts you write at university, all essays have the same basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion. However, the main body can be structured in many different ways.

To publish a essay that is good

Reports generally have a similar basic structure as essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the main body structure can vary widely, once the term ‘report’ is employed for several forms of texts and purposes in different disciplines.

Find out as much as possible by what style of report is expected.

Simple tips to plan your structure

There are many ways to show up with a structure for the work. It, try some of the strategies below if you’re not sure how to approach.

After and during reading your sources, make notes and start thinking about approaches to structure the ideas and facts into groups. As an example:

  • Look for similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other ways of grouping and dividing the basic ideas under headings, such as for instance advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or forms of theory
  • Use highlighters that are coloured symbols to tag themes or types of information in your readings or notes
  • cut and paste notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a idea that is good brainstorm a couple of other ways of structuring your assignment once you’ve a rough concept of the main issues. Try this in outline form before you begin writing – it is much easier to re-structure an overview than a half-finished essay. For instance:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references will be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that do not fit into your overall purpose, and facts or references which are not useful for what you would like to talk about
  • when you have a lot of information, such as for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to show how each theory or reading pertains to each heading (this is often called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • Plan the true number of paragraphs you will need, the topic at risk of each one of these, and dot points for every single bit of information and reference needed
  • try a few different structures that are possible you will find one that works best.

Eventually, you’ll have a strategy that is detailed enough for you really to start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You will also know how to locate evidence for anyone basic ideas in your notes plus the sources of that evidence.

If you’re having problems with the entire process of planning the structure of your assignment, consider trying a strategy that is different grouping and organising your data.

Making the structure clear

Your writing will likely be clear and logical to learn it fits together if it’s easy to see the structure and how. You are able to accomplish this in a number of ways.

  • Utilize the final end of this introduction to show the reader what structure to expect.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to clearly mark the sections (if they are acceptable for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the start of each paragraph, to show the reader what the idea that is main, also to link back to the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The start of each sentence should link returning to the main concept of the paragraph or a sentence that is previous.
  • Use conjunctions and linking words to show the structure of relationships between ideas. Examples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, in comparison, because of this good reason, as a result and moreover.


Almost all of the forms of texts you write for university need to have an introduction. Its purpose will be tell the reader clearly the topic, purpose and structure associated with the paper.

An introduction might be between 10 and 20 percent of the length of the whole paper and has three main parts as a rough guide.

  • It starts with the most general information, such as for instance background and/or definitions.
  • The middle could be the core associated with the introduction, in which you show the overall topic, purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (according to what type of paper it is).
  • It ends with the most specific information, describing the scope and structure of one’s paper.

In the event that main body of your paper follows a template that is predictable including the method, results and discussion stages of a study within the sciences, you generally don’t need certainly to include helpful tips to your structure in your introduction.

You need to write your introduction if it is a persuasive paper) and the whole structure of your paper after you know both your overall point of view. Alternatively, you really need to revise the introduction when you’ve got completed the body that is main.


Most writing that is academic structured into paragraphs. It is helpful to think about each paragraph as a mini essay with a three-part structure:

  • topic sentence (also known as introductory sentence)
  • body of this paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The sentence that is topic a general overview of the subject while the reason for the paragraph. According to the period of the paragraph, this can be one or more sentence. The sentence that is topic the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

The body for the paragraph elaborates right on this issue sentence by providing definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, for example.

The last sentence in many, although not all, paragraphs could be the sentence that is concluding. It does not present new information, but often either summarises or comments from the paragraph content. It can also provide a hyperlink, by showing the way the paragraph links to your topic sentence of the next paragraph. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates returning to the main topic.

You don’t have to create all your valuable paragraphs by using this structure. For instance, you can find paragraphs with no topic sentence, or even the topic is mentioned near the end of this paragraph. However, this can be a definite and common structure that allows you for the reader to adhere to.


In conclusion is closely related to the introduction and it is often described as its ‘mirror image’. This means that if the introduction begins with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves in the direction that is opposite.

The conclusion usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the main scope or structure associated with paper
  • confirms the topic which was given into the introduction. This might take the as a type of the aims associated with paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a extensive research question/hypothesis and its particular answer/outcome.
  • ends with an even more general statement about how this topic relates to its context. This may take the kind of an evaluation associated with the importance of the topic, implications for future research or a custom writings recommendation about theory or practice.