The NIH has a review that is double of applications, the GAO report explains. The level that is first of occurs in committees with members who possess expertise when you look at the subject associated with the application. More than 40,000 applications are submitted into the NIH each year, and every committee (there are about 100, with 18 to 20 members per committee) reviews as much as 100 applications. The agency usually follows the recommendations regarding the committee in approving grant applications. Then there’s a secondary level of review, by an advisory council, consisting of external scientists and lay people in the general public, including patient-group advocates and also the clergy. Peer report on continuing grants occur during the same time as new projects.
National Science Foundation peer report about grants
The National Science Foundation uses the concept of merit included in its review that is peer process the GAO report says.